Types of educational institutions
The main types of US educational institutions that offer or are leading to the programs of the first higher education:
Universities: conduct scientific activities, assign degrees of bachelor, master and doctor;
Four-year colleges: most do not conduct research, assign a bachelor's degree;
Two-year colleges: as a rule, they are called local, community college, but also known as junior college and city college. Provide a professional education, Associate Degree. Often it is used as an intermediate degree for obtaining an undergraduate degree.
As a rule, the list of required documents is as follows:
Entry requirements vary depending on the chosen institution. Typically, the standard requirements for applicants for the first higher in the US are as follows:
1. Completed secondary education. Most American universities recognize certificates from the CIS countries, but many of them require the "evalution" of the certificates - that is, the transfer of the certificate with the average score calculated by the American system. Specialized companies are involved in the evalution.
2. Specific knowledge that is demonstrated through SAT or ACT exams.
SAT and ACT are standardized tests that are passed by graduates of American schools wishing to enroll in an institution of higher learning. Many colleges do not require foreign applicants to take these tests and count the grades from the certificate. The more prestigious the university, the higher the probability that you will have to pass one of the standardized tests.
3. Knowledge of the English language, confirmed by the TOEFL or IELTS certificate.
4. The level of motivation, achievements in addition to success in studies, personal "compatibility" with the nature of the university. Usually, applicants are asked to write a motivational essay and explain why they are worthy of studying in the chosen institution.
The procedure and deadlines for submitting documents to US universities
The school year in US colleges usually starts in August or September and consists of two semesters: autumn and spring. The deadline for receiving applications for admission is approximately six months before the beginning of the course.
Some universities accept applications year round, and give students the opportunity to begin their studies from any of the semesters.
Sending documents to the university (online or by mail), you will need to wait for the decision of the university. Terms of consideration of applications vary depending on the institution and specialization. Perhaps the university will ask you to provide additional documents, for example, proof of solvency. As soon as the receipt is confirmed, the college will notify you of the enrollment, timing and procedure for payment of training.